KIDNEY FOUNDATION FOR CHILDREN

      SAVING YOUNG LIVES


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The kidneys clean our blood. They throw away all the excess water,salts and bad chemicals that collect in the blood into the URINE .We have two kidneys to do  this work..The kidneys are located in the back on either side of the backbone at the waist level just below the rib. The kidneys look like Rajmah beans.Only they are much bigger.Each  kidney is the size of  the person's fist


The kidneys have filters to do this work. The kidneys have one million filters called NEPHRONS to do all this work..As the blood flows through the kidneys they have to pass through these filters.These filters are very efficient security guards.They keep back all the good things that the body needs and throw away all the bad chemicals and extra water in the urine. . The filtered urine is collected in a funnel and is carried by two long tubes-  one from each kidney-  to a bag called the BLADDER where the urine is stored. When the bladder is full we fell like passing urine and the urine is thrown out.


The kidneys clean the blood almost continuously.without any rest.The entire blood in our body is cleaned anywhere from 30 to 60 times in the day.

                                              Why  do  children  get  kidney   problems


  • Some children are born with small kidneys which have very few filters.These kidneys are not able to clean the blood efficiently.They are able to clean the blood just 5 to 10 times in the day instead of the usual 30 to 60 times a day.
  • As a result many chemicals and  minerals that the body does not need - such as urea,creatinine,potassium,phosphorous accumulate in the body..We call this KIDNEY FAILURE.
  • Sometimes the filters are normal in number at birth but are destroyed later because of infection,stones or other diseases
  • Sometimes the damaged filters are not destroyed totally but they  become leaky.Proteins and blood which should not normally leak out enters the urine throught the leaky filters. One of the diseases that cause leaky filters is known as NEPHROTIC SYNDROME. .If recognized  early and treated rightly the leak can be stopped and the kidney can be saved from damage.



BE YOUR KIDNEY'S GOOD FRIEND

DRINK LOTS OF WATER

A 5 YEAR OLD CHILD SHOULD DRINK AT LEAST 6 TO 7 GLASSES OF WATER A DAY

healthy kidneys happy kids

LIMIT EATING OF PAPADS, PICKLES,WAFERS, CHIPS AND OTHER SALTY SNACKS

MANY MEDICINES CAN HARM THE KIDNEY

TAKE MEDICINES ONLT WHEN NEEDED

AVOID PAIN KILLERS

MANY ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES HAVE HEAVY METALS THAT CAN HARM THE KIDNEY

GET YOUR CHILD'S HEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE AND URINE EXAMINED ONCE A YEARi

IF any of these tests are  abNORMAL YOUr  CHILD NEEDS TO BE TESTED FOR A KIDNEY PROBLEM

DO NOT IGNORE A KIDNEY PROBLEM    -KIDNEY DISEASE NEED TO BE TREATED EARLY

IF YOUR CHILD'S KIDNEY PROBLEM LASTS FOR MORE THAN 3 MONTHS YOU NEED TO CONSULT

A PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGIST - A SPECIALIST FOR KIDNEY DISEASES IN CHILDREN


What work do the Kidneys do for us ?